Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2017;39:331-6 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2017.05.010
Original article
For survival, the emergence of oligoclonal bands after multiple myeloma treatment is less important than achieving complete remission
Luiza Soares Vieira da Silvaa,, , Edvan de Queiroz Crusoeb, Lais Rocha Guimarães de Souzab, Carlos Sérgio Chiattonea, Vânia Tietsche de Moraes Hungriaa
a Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo (FCMSCSP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
b Hospital Universitário Professor Edgard Santos da Universidade Federal da Bahia (HUPES/UFBA), Salvador, BA, Brazil
Recebido 20 Agosto 2015, Aceitaram 18 Maio 2017
Abstract
Background

The emergence of oligoclonal bands, proteins differing from those originally identified at diagnosis, has been reported in multiple myeloma patients after high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation and after successful conventional chemotherapy. The clinical relevance of oligoclonal bands remains unclear, but their emergence has been associated with better prognosis. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and prognostic impact of the presence of oligoclonal bands in multiple myeloma patients.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The study included newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients with at least very good partial response after conventional dose or high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. The emergence of oligoclonal bands was identified using serum protein electrophoresis as well as serum and urine immunofixation techniques.

Results

A total of 101 patients were included with a median follow-up of 42 months. In total, 55% were male, and the median age was 58 years (29–87 years). Fifty-one (50.5%) patients developed oligoclonal bands. They comprised 60% (45/75) of patients treated with autologous stem cell transplantation and 23% (6/26) of those who were not transplanted. Patients with oligoclonal bands showed better progression-free survival than those without the emergence of oligoclonal bands (p-value=0.0075).

Conclusion

The prevalence of oligoclonal bands in this study population was 50.5% with its frequency being greater in cases treated with autologous stem cell transplantation and in those attaining complete remission. Complete remission was more important than the emergence of oligoclonal bands on progression-free survival.

Keywords
Abnormal protein band, Oligoclonal bands, Multiple myeloma, Prognosis
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2017;39:331-6 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2017.05.010