Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2017;39:343-8 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2017.06.005
Original article
Pre-sarcopenia and bone mineral density in adults submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Cristiane Pavan Pereira, Denise Johnsson Campos Amaral, Vaneuza Araujo Moreira Funke, Victória Zeghbi Cochenski Borba,
Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil
Recebido 14 Março 2017, Aceitaram 06 Junho 2017
Abstract
Background

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and bone mineral density after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Methods

The study group consisted of over 18-year-old patients who had been submitted to allogeneic transplantation at least one year previously. Patients and healthy controls were matched by sex, ethnic background, age, and body mass index. Body composition and bone mineral density were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. A 24-h food recall and food frequency survey were performed. The biochemical evaluation included calcium, parathormone and vitamin D. Eighty-seven patients (52 men; age: 37.2±12.7 years; body mass index: 25±4.5kg/m2) were compared to 68 controls [31 men; age 35.4±15.5 years (p=0.467); body mass index 25.05±3.7kg/m2 (p=0.927)].

Results

There was no significant difference in the dietary intake between patients and controls. The mean levels of vitamin D were 23.5±10.3ng/mL; 29 patients (41.0%) had insufficient and 26 (37.14%) deficient levels. A higher prevalence of reduced bone mineral density was observed in 24 patients (25%) compared to 12 controls (19.1% – p<0.001). Pre-sarcopenia was diagnosed in 14 (14.4%) patients and none of the controls (p=0.05). There was a higher prevalence of pre-sarcopenia (66%) in patients with grades III and IV compared to those with grades 0-II graft-versus-host disease (10.9%) (p=0.004).

Conclusion

patients submitted to transplantation had a higher prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and greater changes in bone mineral density compared to controls; the severity of graft-versus-host disease had an impact on the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia.

Keywords
Pre-sarcopenia, BMD, GVHD, Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2017;39:343-8 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2017.06.005