Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2017;39:259-65 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2017.03.009
Review article
Thrombin generation assays for global evaluation of the hemostatic system: perspectives and limitations
Rita Carolina Figueiredo Duartea, Cláudia Natália Ferreiraa, Danyelle Romana Alves Riosb, Helton José dos Reisa, Maria das Graças Carvalhoa,,
a Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
b Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei (UFSJ), Divinópolis, MG, Brazil
Recebido 15 Abril 2016, Aceitaram 30 Março 2017
Abstract

The existing techniques to evaluate hemostasis in clinical laboratories are not sensitive enough to detect hypercoagulable and mild hypocoagulable states. Under different experimental conditions, the thrombin generation test may meet these requirements. This technique evaluates the overall balance between procoagulant and anticoagulant forces and has provided new insights in our understanding of the coagulation cascade, as well as of the diagnosis of hypocoagulability and hypercoagulability conditions. Thrombin generated in the thrombin generation test can be quantified as platelet-rich or platelet-poor plasma using the calibrated automated thrombogram method, which monitors the cleavage of a fluorogenic substrate that is simultaneously compared to the known thrombin activity in a non-clotting plasma sample. The calibrated automated thrombogram method is an open system, in which different antibodies, proteins, enzymes and peptides can be introduced to answer specific questions regarding hemostatic processes. The thrombin generation test has great clinical potential, such as in monitoring patients taking anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs, screening for genetic or acquired thrombotic disorders, and evaluating bleeding risk control in patients with hemophilia using bypass agents or replacement therapy. Different to conventional coagulation tests, the thrombin generation test can be used for an overall evaluation of hemostasis, the results of which can then be used to evaluate specific characteristics of hemostasis, such as prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and levels of fibrinogen and other coagulation factors. The introduction of this method will contribute to a better understanding and evaluation of overall hemostatic processes; however, this method still requires standardization and clinical validation.

Keywords
Thrombin generation, CAT method, Hemostasis
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2017;39:259-65 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2017.03.009